The Step-by-Step Guide to Becoming a Private Investigator in Canada

It is necessary to obtain a license from the province in which you intend to work as a private investigator in Canada due to the country's size. The Canadian government does not offer a Private Investigator course or certification. A Private Investigator license is required in each province across

It is necessary to obtain a license from the province in which you intend to work as a private investigator in Canada due to the country's size. The Canadian government does not offer a Private Investigator course or certification. A Private Investigator license is required in each province across Canada. There is less difficulty here than you might imagine. If you have a full Private Investigator license from one province, you can use it to apply for licenses in other provinces without meeting their individual requirements.


Licensing requirements for private investigators in each Canadian province:

Columbian Province of British






Canada's Atlantic Province of Nova Scotia1


In the province of New Brunswick1

The Income of a Private Investigator in Canada

Find out More about Online Private Eye Courses

Private Detective Aptitude TestExamining Your Skills as a Private Eye

Provincial Background Checks in Canada

  1. Age requirement is at least 19

  2. You need to be free of any felony convictions.

  3. It's mandatory that you complete a government licensing program.

  4. To qualify for a PI entry-level license, you need to log 2400 hours of experience.

The Typical Path to Becoming a Private Detective

The steps necessary to become a private investigator are generally consistent across nations, regions, and jurisdictions. These include meeting the minimum age and language requirements, among others. In addition, you must complete a private investigator training program approved by the state. Licensed investigators are regulated by a specific agency in many countries. Therefore, this governing body will compile a list of recognized PI licensing programs. On the list may be virtual classes. You can get your PI novice license once you've shown the relevant authorities that you have the necessary skills and have finished the necessary training. This is the first of many battles you'll face.

Canada PI

A Private Investigator (PI) Under Supervision License is what you'll need to get started. An "Under Supervision" license, as you probably guessed, requires you to do your work under the supervision of a fully licensed PI. The phrase "Under Supervision" will exist merely in title. You won't be working under the watchful eye of a seasoned Private Eye. Because of how PI agencies are funded, they cannot afford to maintain surveillance teams comprised of both teachers and students. The training you underwent to earn your license Only the laws that private investigators need to know about are covered. This is helpful, but aspiring PIs also need instruction on how to conduct effective investigations.

The high turnover rate among PI trainees and the widespread cynicism among PI veterans can be directly attributed to the industry's lack of training and support for the profession. In addition, low-income clients of private investigation firms often end up with inexperienced investigators. It's also unethical to use minor clients' records as a sandbox for teaching neophyte PIs the ropes.

canada investigator

Your time has come to act as a Private Eye, despite your lack of training or experience in the field. You took a licensing course that was heavy on theory and light on actual PI content. Employers will always assure you that "soon you will get some training," but that training never comes. It took me more than five years to learn the ropes of the business and become proficient in a handful of niche areas. During that time, I had difficulty making ends meet and likely lost several hundred thousand dollars because of missed employment opportunities caused by my lack of skills and education. Tragically, this is a common occurrence in the private investigation industry.

To get a "full Private Investigator license," you need 2400 hours of experience in the field and to survive the industry's "meat grinder." If you have a bachelor's degree in a criminal justice-related field, you may be exempt from accumulating 2400 hours of private investigator experience in some jurisdictions. You can become a fully licensed private investigator after accumulating 2400 hours of experience and/or a relevant degree. Meaning, you can now launch your own private investigation firm. In the future, hopefully, you will understand the significance of a solid PI education when hiring new Private Investigators.

For Instance, Consider the Necessary Permits for a Private Investigator


Job limitations: you must remain an employee of PI at all times.


The legal age to participate is 18.

Felony Convictions

You must not be a convicted felon.


You'll need to prove your citizenship by including a copy of a valid government-issued form of identification.


One of the requirements is fluency in the English language, both verbally and in writing.

Online Private Investigator Training Approved by the Government

As such, you'll need to enroll in and successfully complete a government-approved licensing course before applying. This might even be a web-based education program.

Similar Academics

You can get your private investigator's license with a degree in most criminal justice fields.

Passport Picture

You must submit an official passport photograph.


Fingerprinting is mandatory.


There is a nominal licensing fee that must be paid.


You can either mail or upload the required paperwork.


Authorizations: Set up your own PI firm and work for yourself by applying for a PI business license.

Supervised Private Investigator License

A copy of your PI license under supervision must be provided to the government.

Over 2400 Hours of PI Work History

You must provide documentation of your prior PI work. The simplest way to do this is to submit paperwork verifying your hours worked as an employee.

Self-Employed Private Investigator Permits.

You will likely be asked to show proof of your PI experience and education in addition to your full PI license.

A Canadian Private Investigator Career?

This course, "ICPI Level 100 online Private Investigator Training," is your complete guide to becoming a licensed private investigator in Canada.

If you know nothing about investigations, don't worry; ICPI will help you get off to a great start in this exciting new field.

To help you quickly launch into the fulfilling career you've always dreamed of, our team has researched and vetted the most effective training and investigational methods.

A successful detective like yourself can use the models provided by this training system to further their careers. Everything you need to know to make six figures as an investigative Operative, including a detailed plan for entering the PI industry, learning the ropes of the trade, and developing a detective's eye for detail.

There are currently over a hundred slides, videos, exercises, and quizzes that make up this PI online training system and lay out a clear, concise, and comprehensive plan for how to become a private investigator.

In just two weeks, you can complete ICPI Level 100 and be well on your way to becoming an expert in the exciting field of private investigation. The course features more than 30 hours of training content.


Find a credential that "really" counts Canadian private investigation firms will recognize your expertise in the field if you earn Novel Data's 100-Level certification. To put it another way, this will set you apart from the competition in the private investigator job market. Most people applying for PI jobs don't have a clue what the position entails. Not you A PI employer is unlikely to take a chance on a candidate who isn't familiar with the industry, so they'll look for someone who knows what they're doing. You will be that candidate if Novel Data approves your application.

Canada detective

Learn to be an Outstanding Canadian Private Investigator.

Indeed, you have the potential to excel as a private investigator in Canada. How Learning the Trade of a Private Eye Instead of taking the quick course required by the Canadian government, private investigators should commit to at least 100 hours of training. Classes for becoming a private investigator can be taken either online or in person. In order to become a successful Canada Private Investigator and meet Private Investigator requirements, you need to become educated on the complexities of the private investigation industry (this will also help you decide if you want to pursue the PI career) and how to set yourself up to become a successful Private Investigator Second, you need training in the methods of investigation.

Understanding a few Private Investigator industry topics will help you navigate the complexities of the Canadian private investigation market. What you need to know to get your Private Investigator license in Canada can be gleaned from the specific regional requirements that exist in that country. Discovering the most widely held falsehoods about the private investigation industry can help you decide whether or not this is a field you want to pursue as a career. An understanding of the PI learning curve is essential for achieving success in the field.

Canada detective

It is helpful to have an idea of what it takes to be a professional private investigator in Canada before diving in headfirst. You can use this information to aid in choosing a profession. The next step is to educate yourself on the duties of a private investigator. One way to prepare for this is to study the different types of clients and the records they require in order to become a professional private investigator. If you want to become a Canada Investigator, you need to find out how investigators get jobs and how often they work.

If you're unsure of your abilities as a Canada Private Investigator, it's important to gain insight into what makes a "good" Professional Private Investigator and the factors that will determine your aptitude. Understanding the physiological demands and safety measures is also crucial. On top of that, there is gear. Acquiring the knowledge of the tools necessary to launch a career as a Professional Private Investigator is essential.

More importantly, you need to learn about the function of various forms of electronic communication in the context of private investigation. The last and most crucial step is to develop what I call "The Investigative Mindset." You'll learn to analyze situations like a PI by reading this. After absorbing these ideas, you'll be well on your way to becoming a PI, no prior experience necessary.

After gaining an understanding of the intricate workings of Canada's private investigation sector, you'll need to hone a range of applicable practical skills. Desk investigations, pre-surveillance, surveillance, mobile vehicle surveillance, on-foot surveillance, evidence collection, and court reporting are among the most crucial tasks. You'll need to be familiar with terms like "Desk Investigation," "Corroborated/circumstantial evidence," "The Evidence Document," "The Desk Investigator's Mindset," "Google Basics for North America," and "Social Media Search Basics for North America" before you can get a handle on desk investigations. The most extensive knowledge requirement pertains to surveillance. The proper use of a surveillance vehicle, conducting surveillance spot checks, and establishing a surveillance infrastructure for a wide range of investigative operations all fall under the purview of this subfield.

For the most part in your career as a private investigator in Canada, you can expect to work independently. That's why it's so important to master the art of one-on-one surveillance. You may also need to learn how to conduct surveillance with two or more operatives, as teamwork is a common feature of the surveillance industry. You need to know that private investigators in Canada don't just conduct surveillance from inside a vehicle, but also on foot. The whole point of hiring a private investigator in Canada is so that you can gather concrete proof of something. Obtaining evidence, most commonly through video, is something you'll need to get good at. You, as a private investigator in Canada, must collect legally defensible and client-satisfying video. You'll need to know how to write an investigation report that can be used in court once it's all said and done. You will have no trouble becoming a respected private investigator in Canada once you have absorbed this information.

Why and how you can become a private investigator in Canada should be clear now. The government licensing course is mandatory, but it will not prepare you for a career as a private investigator. In order to work as a private investigator, you must first learn the ins and outs of the profession, which requires at least 100 hours of training. In fact, you'll have a better shot at success as a Private Investigator if you get the right training before you enter the field. This is true even if you have more experience than your competition but lack a solid educational foundation.

How to Make It as a Private Investigator in Canada

Professional Private Investigators in Canada must comply with varying levels of licensing across the country.

Misconceptions About Private Investigation and How to Dispel Them

Professional Private Investigator Training

-Individual obstacles I've faced while working as a private investigator in Canada

Expertise as a Licensed Private Investigator in Canada

-Different Kinds of Canadian Customers and the Documents They Must Have

The Assignment Process and Work Schedule of Canada's Investigators

-What aspects of being a private investigator will most influence your success?

-What characteristics characterize a "good" professional private investigator?

-Medical prerequisites and safety concerns

Starting a career as a professional private investigator requires a certain set of tools.

Equipment Location Map

Technology: PCs, tablets, and accessories

-Agreed-Upon Terms

A Phonetic Alphabet Developed by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

The Attitude of Investigation

Canadian Investigations: What You Need to Know to "Perform" Them

Procedures followed by the Canadian Desk in Investigations

Recovering Canadian missing persons

Recovering Canadian missing-child cases

Locating Canadians who have vanished on purpose

The weight of the evidence, both direct and indirect,

Define "evidence" and explain how to organize it

A Copy of the Document Proving Objection

Google as a research instrument

Finding a Person's Previous Address in Canada

Search for Past Addresses in Canada

Security checks in Canada

Search Canadian phone numbers in reverse

OSINT stands for "open source intelligence."

Bug sweeps

Norms for Wearing Equipment Every Day

Protecting Private Information and Legal Evidence


Exploration Prior to Conduction of the Survey

Network protocols for communication

Point of view of Customers

Two or more detectives should conduct active mobile surveillance.

Competence versus chance and external factors

Risk vs reward

Identifying the Subject

Heat: Comprehending and Taking Control of Surveillance

Conditions of Canadian Traffic

Methods of driving in various Canadian settings

Documenting the gold standard

On-the-go foot patrols

Detective Equipment Sack

Devices needed

Establishing a Topic

Costumes and set dressing

The mechanics or physics of on-foot monitoring

Methods and gear for spying on people

Following methods and standards while walking

Moves between buildings

Optimal video composition and production

Examinations of Insurance Companies in Canada

Occasionally-used forensic techniques

Security for Canadian Executives


Accountability in surveillance

Author Notes

Canadian detective

Peter Sandru has worked as a professional private investigator and security expert in Canada for more than 14 years, and he is now an instructor and co-founder of NDIL. Peter has spent the better part of a decade traveling the world on behalf of businesses, law firms, and government agencies, conducting investigations and security operations. Peter has contributed to the development of numerous investigative and security training programs across Canada. Peter is a well-known private investigator trainer in Canada.

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