A Detailed Tutorial on Making the Trip South

Editorial Team - HomeAbroad by The Editors of HomeAbroad ·
Date of last update: November 24, 2022 · 13 min read

The United States is a popular destination for thousands of Canadians. S annual to improve their standard of living and get away from the icy climate During the years 2021 and 2022, 45,000 Canadians left their home country to settle in the United States, as reported by Statista. The first thing you should do if you want to follow in their footsteps and make the trek from Canada to the United States of America is to arm yourself with as much information as possible about the process.

Learn about the many considerations involved in making the move from Canada to the United States.

Moving to the United States is an exciting and rewarding adventure for many Canadians. Let's investigate what makes the United States of America so inviting and deserving of one's relocation efforts.

Do You Think It's a Good Idea to Leave Canada for the United States?

Absolutely, yes Moving to the United States from Canada is a smart move if you want to improve your financial situation, expand your career options, take advantage of a variety of tax breaks, save money on housing, and experience a more exciting and fulfilling way of life


Across Canada, the average annual salary is $38,025, which equates to $19 per $50 per hour Entry-level salaries start at $31,200 annually. Earnings for skilled professionals average ,626 annually. In the United States of America, however, annual salaries range from $49,637 for entry-level jobs to $104,963 for highly experienced professionals. Statistically, the U. S income in the United States was ,962 in 2021. S earnings in 2021 were ,717  

Employment Possibilities

U.S. job prospects are more extensive than Canadian ones. Canada's [[5]]29% unemployment rate among its 30.9 U.S. unemployment stands at [[3]]% among a population of 82 million. 19 million Due to its robust economy and competitive business climate, the United States of America is a top destination for workers from all over the world.

Advantages to Your Taxes

U.S. relocation S to the United States from Canada can have significant financial advantages. In the U S personal income tax rates are progressive, rising as one's income does

  • U S In the United States, individual taxpayers face income tax rates anywhere from 10% to 37%; in Canada, individuals pay between 15% and 33%.
  • In contrast to Canada's Alternative Minimum Tax, the United States' tax code provides numerous deductions that the Canadian rich are not eligible to use.
  • The mortgage interest deduction is another significant perk for American homeowners.
  • People in the United States are able to save and invest more thanks to the lower state income taxes compared to those in Canada.
Provincial Taxes in Canada U.S.A. Tax by State 10–15% in Alberta. 1% to 13% in California. 3% Canadian Provinces: 5 06- 16 8% The score in Minnesota is 5 35% to 9 85% Saskatchewan - 0 Manitoba - 10 8%- 17 4% Four percent to eight in New York 82% Canada's Northwest Territories, a total of 5 9%- 14 05% KU loses by a score of 3 10% to 5 7% Topping the list at number eight is Newfoundland and Labrador. 7%- 18 3 % Iowa – 0 33% to 8 53% Nova Scotia - 1 68%- 20 3% Second Place: Virginia, 5% to 2% 75% The final score in Nova Scotia: 8 79%- 21% 1.5% to 1% in Georgia 75% Five points for Ontario. 05%- 13 16% Illnois: 4 95% Provincial of Prince Edward Island: 9 8%- 16 7 % It's a 2-0 loss for Arizona. 59% to 4 54% 15%-25% in Quebec 75% Indiana: 3 23% Ten points for Saskatchewan. 5%- 14 5 % Score: Wisconsin 7, Michigan State 65% Yukon - 6 4%- 15% The State of Hawaii, 11%

Estimated Monthly Expenditures

  • Expenses average $4.00 per day. American prices are 5% higher than Canadian prices, but American median income and PPP are also 5% higher. When comparing GDP per capita at PPP in 2020, the United States ranked eighth and Canada ranked twenty-fifth in a Statista survey. As a result, this verifies that a higher cost of living is associated with a higher quality of life, greater access to resources, and larger disposable income.
Indicators of Expenses Canadian Dollars US (USD) Price of Rent (Per Month) $ 839 64  $ 833 32 Bus Service (On a Monthly Basis) $ 139 73 $ 107 85 Purchases of Food and Beverage Every Month $ 114 95 $ 91 07  Food service for one (dinner) $ 17 $15 Garments and Complements $ 64 22- $ 126 69  $ 44 04 to $ 96 17 


The U S famous for its excellent secondary and tertiary education Further, both the elementary and secondary school teachers and courses offered in the United States are among the best in the world. S

Many international students choose to study in the United States because the country is home to some of the world's best universities, including Harvard, Stanford, and Yale. The decision to relocate to the United States S might be useful for people who want to learn more or advance their education in a specific field.

Low-Cost Dwellings

U.S. housing prices have recently S is extremely varied, featuring a wide selection of homes available at various price points The U S offers a wide selection of homes for sale or rent, and in many areas, there are discounts available to those who qualify. As of September 2021, the average national home price in Canada was CAD 686,650, while in the USA it was USD 550,723.  
It can be difficult to find a home in a new area.

Here are the top ten U.S. housing markets for 2022, so you can make an informed decision.

Increase in the value of a home or other property

Appreciation of real estate is the increase in value of a property over a given period of time. The U.S. real estate market is highly desirable due to its promising growth and high returns. In the United States real estate market, S fast growth rate compared to other countries because of its large population, thriving economy, and advanced infrastructure Also, most cities' home prices keep going up because of the high demand from local and foreign buyers. Accordingly, U S Long-term investors still find real estate to be a promising market

Taking into account the aforementioned factors, relocating to the United States from Canada is unquestionably advantageous. Relocating to the Land of Opportunity will provide you with increased happiness and promising future prospects.

Having established that relocating to the United States will improve your life in every way, it's time to learn about your immigration options. S provides Canadians and get the ball rolling on the move

Immigrating to the United States from Canada: Visa Options

Depending on your situation, Canadians can take advantage of a wide variety of visas that allow them to travel to the United States. Let's start by taking a quick look at the different paths to immigration.

Work Visas

  • Canadians may apply for employment in the United States under a number of different types of work visas.
  • Canadian professionals can obtain a temporary work visa (H-1B) to work in the United States for up to three years.
  • The E-1/E-2 (Treaty Trader/Business Visa) is for Canadians who wish to engage in substantial trade or investment activities in the United States. S
  • Canadians who work for a U.S. parent, branch, affiliate, or subsidiary and who are transferred to work for the foreign affiliate or subsidiary are eligible for an L-1 (Intra-company Transfers) Visa. S who will be working for the same company in the US but who are being transferred there S
  • T.N. Visa (NAFTA): The TN classification is available under NAFTA and allows Canadians to work in certain professional occupations in the United States. S
  • Foreign nationals with extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics may be eligible for an O-1 Visa (Extraordinary Skills Visa).


  • A student on an F-1 visa is a foreign national who plans to study or learn English in the United States. S higher learning Institution
  • M-1 visas allow Canadian citizens to enroll in trade schools where they can learn skills like cooking and auto repair. To migrate to the United States, many Canadians apply for one of the following visas. S

Choices for Immigrant Visas Based on Family Ties

  • Citizens of Canada can travel to the United States to be with their loved ones with the help of this visa. S Some of the most common forms of immigrant visa sponsorship by families are as follows:
  • Canadiens who have found a partner in the United States and are hoping to relocate there are eligible for a marriage- S and wish to marry an American citizen can apply for a K-1 Visa (also called a "fiance visa").
  • Visas for Immediate Relatives: This category is for Canadian citizens who have close family members living in the United States and who wish to move there to join those family members. S The IR-1 category (spouse of a U.S. S visa, IR-2 (spouse or dependent child of a U.S. S the IR-3 (a foreign-born orphan adopted by a U.S. S citizen)
  • In addition, Canadians with a family member already living in the United States can apply for a "family preference visa" to join them. S These include forms like the F-2A (for use by U.S. permanent resident spouses and children) and the I-130 (for use by U.S. S The F-3 (U.S. citizens who are the sons and daughters of U.S. S residents), F-4 (U.S. citizens' relatives), and S citizens)

Visa Lottery for Diversity

The U S To immigrate to the United States, Canadians should enter the Diversity Visa (DV) lottery program. S 50,000 people from eligible countries can enter the United States permanently each year through the Diversity Visa (DV) lottery. The DV Lottery requires participants to meet certain educational and employment benchmarks, as well as to pass an interview with a United States consular officer, before they can receive a visa. S diplomatic representative The list of qualifying nations is updated annually by the State Department. Green cards are issued to those who meet the requirements and allow them to permanently reside and work in the United States. S

For Canadians planning to relocate to the United States, these are some of the most common immigrant visas. Programs are available, and you can pick the one that works best for you given your circumstances and goals. Comparison of Canadian and American Immigration Laws and Policies S are always developing, so it's crucial that you keep up with the newest information. In addition, it is always advisable to seek the counsel of an immigration attorney to help make the process of entering the United States as easy as possible. S

However, despite these changes, the need for supporting documents has not been eliminated. All Visa applications require supporting paperwork in order to be processed by immigration authorities. The paperwork you'll need to submit to immigration services to obtain your preferred crossing visa is as follows.

Moving from Canada to the United States: Necessary Paperwork

By finalizing the following document, we can ensure a seamless transition from Canada to the United States.

  • Be sure your passport is valid for at least six months after you plan to enter the USA.
  • A valid travel document that complies with the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) is required for all international arrivals into the United States.
  • Please bring your original birth certificate with you to establish your age, identity, and family ties to other applicants.
  • All visa applicants are required to submit to a medical examination performed by a board-certified physician.
  • Image Gallery: The United States S Each visa application must be accompanied by two passport-sized photographs taken within the past year.
  • You must show proof of financial stability by submitting documents like tax returns, pay stubs, bank statements, and other financial records. so that the United States government has reason to believe you will not become a burden on its taxpayers S
  • When applying for a visa based on your marriage, you must submit a valid and certified marriage certificate as evidence of your legal marriage.
  • Certificates of No Criminal Record: These must be obtained from each country in which you have spent more than a year of residence.
  • Additional Documents: Depending on the type of visa you are applying for, you may be required to submit additional documents, such as an affidavit of support from a sponsor or evidence of your educational or professional credentials.
  • Applicants for work visas in the United States are required to show proof of a valid U.S. Employment Authorization Document (EAD). S Services for Citizens and Foreign Nationals

The U S Embassy will evaluate these materials to determine if you meet the requirements for immigration from Canada to the United States. Your application will be processed more slowly if there are any inaccuracies or missing information in the paperwork you submit.

A Canadian citizen who wishes to settle permanently in the United States must submit an application for a green card as soon as possible after arriving in the country. A green card will not only confirm his or her permanent resident status, but it will also entitle him or her to a wide range of privileges and benefits that are not available to non-citizens.

The Canadian Green Card Application Process

Submitting the forms, documents, and fees required by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to apply for a green card as a Canadian is a simple and straightforward process. S Help for Newcomers and Residents

Before applying for an immigrant visa, you must ascertain that you fall under one of the accepted categories. These include Family-Based Visas (F-1, F-2, and F-3) and Employment-Based Visas (E-1, E-2, and E-3) for foreign nationals seeking to enter the country legally. After figuring out if you meet the requirements, you'll have to fill out the proper paperwork and send it to the U. S Services for Citizens and Foreign Nationals Along with your application, the United States requires you to submit supporting documentation, such as a passport, birth certificate, marriage certificate (if applicable), proof of financial stability, proof of medical fitness, and any other documentation specifically requested by the U.S. S Embassy

Once your application and supporting paperwork have been processed and approved, you will receive your green card as permanent residency. Once you've been granted permanent resident status in the United States, you're entitled to all the same rights and benefits as any other citizen or permanent resident. S citizens

Information for Canadians Considering Naturalization in the United States

Unless one's parents were U.S. S Canadians with U.S. S citizenship However, in order to become a citizen of the United States, Canadians must first become permanent residents (green card holders) and live in the country for a set amount of time.

  • Getting hitched to a S citizen
  • The Family-Based Green Card
  • The Employment-Based Green Card

Any U.S. citizen's rights and privileges will be restored after a successful neutralization. S citizen As a U S U.S. citizen privileges include voting in elections, free domestic and international travel, eligibility for social security benefits, and consideration for federal employment opportunities.

There are always two phases to a change. One is leaving their current country, and the other is beginning their new life there. A valid visa and passport will take care of the first part of the process, but the second will require a run through of the checklist.

Transfer Checklist: Canada to the United States

  • If you follow this guide, you can rest assured that your move from Canada to the United States will go off without a hitch.
  • Open a bank account in the United States. This will allow you to pay bills, file taxes, and receive paychecks from employers.
  • Obtain a Social Security Number (SSN): An SSN is required for various government services, including work authorization and tax reporting.
  • Research healthcare options: If you're planning a trip to the United States, you should investigate public and private healthcare options and think about getting private health insurance.
  • Learn the ins and outs of U. S tax regulations It is important to become acquainted with the applicable regulations in your new state because taxation regulations vary from one to the next.
  • One of the first and most important things you should do when moving is to look for a place to live. Having a working knowledge of the local housing market, familiarity with the local tenancy laws, and the assistance of a real estate agent can all make the process go more smoothly. For those looking to buy or sell property abroad, HomeAbroad can put them in touch with Certified International Property Specialists (CIPS) who are well-versed in the local market, international regulations, and the specific needs of expats. They employ licensed real estate agents who have received specialized training in international property transactions. Finding the perfect home abroad is easier with HomeAbroad's extensive network of CIPS agents. Get in touch with HomeAbroad to be connected with top-tier CIPS real estate professionals.

Find a real estate agent in your area who has the CIPS designation in the United States.

  • If you want to drive legally in the United States, you may need to transfer your Canadian driver's license.
  • Register your vehicle: Before driving your vehicle across the United States border from Canada, you may need to register it with the local Department of Motor Vehicles.
  • Do some homework on the job market before you relocate to increase your chances of landing a good position as soon as possible.
  • Investigate U further, if you will. S When relocating to a new country, it's crucial to familiarize oneself with the local customs and traditions. You can make the move go more smoothly if you familiarize yourself with the local culture and customs.

Moving from Canada to the United States can be a challenging and life-altering decision, but it can also be a rewarding experience with the right planning and support. If you follow the steps in this checklist, your transition will go off without a hitch.

Migration to the United States from Canada for a Limited Time

A valid temporary visa is required for Canadians who wish to relocate to the United States for a short period of time. The type of Visa you need may change depending on your individual circumstances. T-shaped structures are the most prevalent. N TN (Trade NAFTA), H-1B, B-1 (Visitor), B-2 (Medical Treatment), and E-2 Investor Visas As a result, it is crucial to investigate the prerequisites of each visa choice and pick the one that is most appropriate for you.

Now that we have all of the necessary information, paperwork, and a list of items, we can examine the process for entering the United States.

Tips for Relocating to the United States from Canada

Guidelines for making the trip south You must be pondering this question now. You'll want to do your homework and plan ahead to make the change as easy as possible. Following this guide, you can easily relocate from Canada to the United States.

First, find out as much as you can about U. S Policy on Immigration

In the first place, you need to learn about and comply with the immigration laws of the United States. To ease your transition into the country, familiarizing yourself with your legal protections, obligations, and limitations is crucial.

Collect All Necessary Paperwork

You will need to gather the required documents to apply for a visa once you have learned about them. This can include things like a copy of your driver's license or passport, as well as any employment or education history that pertains to you.

3. Submit a Visa Application

The following step is to apply for the appropriate visa. The online application is easy to fill out, but you should check your information for accuracy. The time it takes to get a visa can vary.

A place to stay is the fourth step.

You should begin looking for a place to stay in the United States as soon as your visa is approved. S Finding a suitable place to live may require some investigation of local housing options or the assistance of a real estate agent. Professionals at HomeAbroad who have earned the CIPS (Certified International Property Specialist) designation can assist you in locating the ideal home in your desired location. If you want to speak with top-tier CIPS agents, contact Homeabroad.

Please contact a CIPS-designated real estate agent or agents in your area.

To learn everything a Canuck needs to know about purchasing a home in the United States, click here.

Fifth, get ready for customs processing.

Prior to coming to the United States S , you need to get ready for customs This includes assembling all relevant paperwork and data to ensure a seamless changeover. In addition, before attempting to cross the border, make sure you are familiar with any and all applicable rules and regulations.

Step 6: Fly to the United States

You can enter the United States once you've finished making preparations for customs. S When you've already crossed the border, you need to double check that your paperwork is still current and valid.

Step Seven: Make the Big Switch!

After touching down in the United States, S as well as ready for customs clearance, so you can start setting up shop in your new abode Things like finishing up any unfinished paperwork, signing up for health insurance, and looking for work fall under this category.

By sticking to this procedure, you can have a smooth entry into the United States from Canada.


The opportunity to relocate from Canada to the United States is substantial and exciting, but it also requires extensive planning and paperwork. Following the correct procedures and submitting all necessary documents, however, will allow you to successfully migrate from Canada to the USA and begin a new chapter in your life.

Get in touch with HomeAbroad if you're searching for a new place to call home or an overseas investment property. When you work with us, we can put you in touch with licensed CIPS professionals who can streamline the entire procedure. In addition, we work with a group of mortgage lenders who will provide funding for your home even if you do not have a previous credit history in the United States.

Contact a mortgage broker and real estate agent in your area who works internationally.

Concerns Voiced Often

Foreign nationals from Canada are welcome in the United States. On the other hand, they can't become a citizen or legal permanent resident until they get a visa or green card.

Without a job, relocating from Canada to the United States is possible. However, you should have at least six months' worth of living expenses saved up as a safety net. You'll need a legitimate visa, too. You can apply for a visa through a family member, enroll in school, or apply for a T N visa

It is possible for a person to hold dual citizenship (also known as dual nationality) with both the United States and another country. U S A person is not required by law to pick one citizenship over another.

A visa is usually not required for Canadians to enter the United States. However, if they are migrating from Canada to the United States, they must go through the standard immigration process just like anyone else.

Just being born to a U.S. S the United States if you have U.S. American Citizenship Those who aspire to U S If you're a Canadian and want to become a U.S. citizen, you'll need to meet residency and citizenship requirements as a permanent resident (green card holder) in the United States.
You need to be at least 18 years old and a permanent U.S. resident before you can apply for naturalization. S to have held a green card for at least 5 years (or 3 years if married to a U. S and fulfill all other requirements for participation

Expect to spend between $4,050 and $11,300 total for moving to the USA, including but not limited to costs associated with visa interviews, medical exams, green card applications, and labor certification.

Editorial Team - HomeAbroad
Author information:
Real estate agents, mortgage brokers, content creators, and research associates make up HomeAbroad's Editorial Team.
Each member of our editorial staff possesses deep knowledge across many fields, including read more
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